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what is atmospheric pressure

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Teach your students about the Earth's atmosphere with the resources in this collection. They then develop a model to illustrate how pressure increases in deeper water. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Aircraft create artificial pressure in the cabin so passengers remain comfortable while flying.Atmospheric pressure is an indicator of weather. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/science/atmospheric-pressure, Public Broadcasting Service - Atmospheric Pressure, Hyperphysics - Atmospheric Pressure Examples, LiveScience - Atmospheric Pressure: Definition and Facts, atmospheric pressure - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). A barometer is an instrument used to measure atmospheric pressure. And the part of our atm… Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Global mean air pressure at sea level in January, where high-pressure centres are more diffuse. scale for measuring surface temperature used by Belize, Liberia, Myanmar, and the United States. serious condition resulting from gases forming tiny bubbles in the bloodstream as a body adjusts to a major change in atmospheric pressure. What Does The Name “Frankenstein” Actually Mean? Washington, D.C.: National Geographic Society. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Earth’s atmosphere is composed of about 78% nitrogen, 21% oxygen, and one percent other gases. “Affect” vs. “Effect”: Use The Correct Word Every Time. Kara West. All rights reserved. Copyright © 2011. The sun heats layers of the atmosphere causing it to convect driving air movement and weather patterns around the world. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Near the surface of the Earth, atmospheric pressure decreases almost linearly with increasing altitude. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Melissa McDaniel Hilary Costa (self-contained underwater breathing apparatus) portable device for breathing underwater. The pressure at any location on the Earth, caused by the weight of the column of air above it. Dictionary.com Unabridged the pressure exerted by the earth's atmosphere at any given point, being the product of the mass of the atmospheric column of the unit area above the given point and of the gravitational acceleration at the given point. Explore weather and its impacts with this curated collection of classroom resources. Weather is influenced by latitude, altitude, and local and regional geography. If no button appears, you cannot download or save the media. Your ears pop because they are trying to equalize, or match, the pressure. Atmospheric pressure is commonly measured with a barometer. Have the Words of the Day from October 19–25, 2020, made an indelible mark on your memory? You cannot download interactives. Meteorologists describe the atmospheric pressure by how high the mercury rises. Why Do Your Ears Pop in Airplanes?As you go up in an airplane, the atmospheric pressure becomes lower than the pressure of the air inside your ears. Photograph by an anonymous contributor / Wikipedia. Atmospheric pressure definition, the pressure exerted by the earth's atmosphere at any given point, being the product of the mass of the atmospheric column of the unit area above the given point and of the gravitational acceleration at the given point. Terms of Service |  scale for measuring surface temperature, used by most of the world, in which the boiling point of water is 100 degrees. At very high altitudes, atmospheric pressure and available oxygen get so low that people can become sick and even die. Updates? Atmospheric pressure is the pressure exerted by gas particles in Earth’s atmosphere as those particles collide with objects. Powered by. If a media asset is downloadable, a download button appears in the corner of the media viewer. If you have questions about licensing content on this page, please contact ngimagecollection@natgeo.com for more information and to obtain a license. The Rights Holder for media is the person or group credited. force pressed on an object by air or atmosphere. Diagrams depict our home planet as being surrounded by a great sea of atmosphere, a few hundred miles high, divided into several different layers. Standard sea-level pressure, by definition, equals 760 mm (29.92 inches) of mercury, 14.70 pounds per square inch, 1,013.25 × 103 dynes per square centimetre, 1,013.25 millibars, one standard atmosphere, or 101.325 kilopascals. Books on meteorology often describe Earth's atmosphere as a huge ocean of air in which we all live. Earth Science, Meteorology, Geography, Physical Geography, Physics, This lists the logos of programs or partners of NG Education which have provided or contributed the content on this page. Privacy Notice |  High-pressure systems are usually associated with clear weather. The pressure caused by the weight of the air above a given point. mild or merciful in disposition or character; lenient; compassionate. Astronomers have discovered there are many other large stars within our galaxy, the Milky Way. (atm) unit of measurement equal to air pressure at sea level, about 14.7 pounds per square inch. One of the main components of Earth’s interdependent physical systems is the atmosphere. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins That pressure is called atmospheric pressure, or air pressure. Low-pressure systems are often associated with storms. An altimeter is a device that measures altitude, the distance of a point above sea level. Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2020, Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition Sea level is determined by measurements taken over a 19-year cycle. Variations about these values are quite small; for example, the highest and lowest sea-level pressures ever recorded are 32.01 inches (in the middle of Siberia) and 25.90 inches (in a typhoon in the South Pacific). The portion of the atmosphere that sustains life only extends for three miles. physical force by which objects attract, or pull toward, each other. Central Asia, however, is dominated by a strong high-pressure cell. Dunn, Margery G. (Editor). Denali, also known as Mount McKinley, is the highest peak in North America.As the pressure decreases, the amount of oxygen available to breathe also decreases.

Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Honolulu is a city at sea level. The atmospheric pressure on Denali, Alaska, is about half that of Honolulu, Hawai'i. A barometer measures atmospheric pressure, which is also called barometric pressure. Meteorologists use barometers to measure this. Jeff Hunt, Mary Crooks, National Geographic Society A traditional mercury barometer consists of an evacuated tube immersed in a container of mercury. Air molecules push down on the surface of the mercury. Hilary Hall

That pressure is called atmospheric pressure, or air pressure. The small variations in pressure that do exist largely determine the wind and storm patterns of Earth. Learn why the lack of atmospheric pressure in the vacuum of space makes suction cups unusable there. National Geographic Headquarters Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012. It is expressed in several different systems of units, including millimeters (or inches) of mercury, pounds per square inch (psi), millibars (mb), or standard atmospheres. It has an average value of 1 atmosphere.

If you have questions about how to cite anything on our website in your project or classroom presentation, please contact your teacher. When a low-pressure system moves into an area, it usually leads to cloudiness, wind, and precipitation. a value of standard or normal atmospheric pressure, equivalent to the pressure exerted by a column of mercury 29.92 inches (760 millimeters) high, or 1013 millibars (101.3 kilopascals). For information on user permissions, please read our Terms of Service. One atmosphere is 1,013 millibars, or 760 millimeters (29.92 inches) of mercury.Atmospheric pressure drops as altitude increases.

It impacts the way people dress each day and the types of structures built.

(mbar) unit of pressure equal to .001 bar of atmospheric pressure.

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